- EDUCATION_SYSTEM.doc (28 KB)
In Romania, the education is obligatory from 5 to 16 years (degree X), although this system is very recent. Since before, obligatory education was until 14 years. After this stage, pupils can choose to continue his/her formation and study two courses more (with 17 and 18 years). One accedes to University for contest and with the possession of the graduate's title school graduate. Pupils also can study professional formation.
To the infantile education, children accede with ages between 3 and 7 years.
The infantile education is constructed in three levels: small groupe (grupa mica), medium groupe (grupa mijlocie) and big groupe (grupa mare). With 5 and 6 years, pupils study a preparation's course for the school.
The school has 8 courses. Normally, pupils study these courses in the school, while courses 9 and 10 can be coursed in the High School (Liceo). There is primary education and secondary education (wich are studied in schools) and high secondary education (wich is studied in Liceo).
For instance, here, in the village of Covasint, there is both a kindergarten and a school. In this one, it can be studied from 7 to 14 years. Young people who want to continue studying, must go to Arad's Liceo. Finishing it, a student can go to the University.
General speaking, at the University, people study for 3 years, but there are some studies (Law, for example), that take four years long; or medicine, that last 6 years. Then, to become a doctor, you must study those 6 years.
Another example. If you want to become a kindergarten teacher, you can study in the “Liceo Pedagogic”. After 4 years you can work both in kindergarten and in the primary school. In Covasint’s kindergarten, we have the cases of some teachers that are studying at the University, because they want to improve their knowledges in order to have more posibilities.
The Religion is obligatory and is studied in all the courses, both in the school and in the High School. The pupils must study an hour to the week of Religion. All the pupils, of different religions, have right to study the religion to which they belong.
About women education in Rumania, I think they have the same opportunities as men. In fact, I think women usually study more than men. Women are majority in the teachers’ team of Covasint: In the kindergarten and in the school of Covasint, they are majority.
On the other hand, school absenteeism is not a problem. In Covasint, 90% of the population in age to asist to school, go to the classes. School’s director (Gabriela Balas) says confirms it: If there is a 10% of young people that don't asist to the school is because they are out from Covasint, mainly due to emmigration.