European Year for Innovation and Creativity

Employment in Arad



A federal office of Germany recently published statistics showing that Romanian salaries have increased the most in Europe. But when asking people on the street in Arad, many show their surprise or even misunderstanding. Certainly, Romania’s general situation changed since 2007, when it joined European Union. For instance, investors from other European countries came to the country, providing employment and seizing the opportunity of lower salaries. Meanwhile, Romania also can feel advantages in intereuropean trade through lower taxes. Referring to the German statistics, Romanian salaries have increased 559.3% since 2000 comparing states of European Union. Bulgaria, on second place with 174.8% has not improved a lot and western European countries, such as France and Germany are under the European standard (35.5%). But people in Arad can confirm these numbers only until the beginning of economic crisis, causing unemployment and dissatisfaction. The unemployment is also caused by other indicators, such as job offers, qualifications and education, as two people explain: Interviewing an old teacher, he tells about the Finnish education system in which they figure out the pupils’ talents and developing them through special courses. But exactly this system is, what Romania is missing he adds and what causes the unemployment after. A 24-year-old woman in the park is having the same opinion and even thinks to have explored a new development:”Here, almost everybody is getting the high-school degree, I think. But then the young people explore that there is actually no work here and they go abroad.” She, by herself, tells that she will leave Romania soon, to work as an au pair in the United Kingdom, as it has more opportunities to offer to her, having searched for a job for two years in Romania. The teacher, watching the same development, hopes that they will return someday when they gained enough money, giving their knowledges to people here and improving the country like that. But on the same time, people observe that the educated people leave Romania for getting a good paid job, while economy sector in the country cannot keep them. Looking for the available jobs in Arad, one can explore that there are more jobs for people without any education in that work, then for people with university degree. From almost 12,000 unemployed people, there are about 1150 people with university graduation, but at employment office, one can only find four available jobs. Employment office in Arad meanwhile offers 72 other jobs, requiring no higher education. So opportunity to find a job in Arad with gained qualifications might be hard nowadays, but without easier. In conclusion one can see that Romanian need to find a way to offer more or better jobs and education, which keep young or qualified people in the country. A development like that would strengthen Romania’s economic Power in the European Union and would help people to recognize that numbers of statistics like the one above might be or become true.