European Year for Innovation and Creativity

Justification about my personal project




My personal project has meant to be really close to the Romanian literature. I didn’t know anything about it, and probably I don’t know yet enough, but I have an approximate idea about how it was. In the beginning, it was the chronicle. Ureche and company made the first Romanian texts, and you can admire it in Iasi.

Then, you have to wait for the XIX to find the poker of writers. Eminescu, the omnipresent one, who is in every park, Creanga, the priest of the irony, Caraghiale, king of comedy and Slavici, the novelist of the citizens, gave form to the Romanian language and its capability to express in the same level that another languages. In the XX century, it was a double face: traditionalism and modernism. Both tendencies can already be detected in the poker, and they continue along the time. Maybe Nicolae Iorga is the representative of the traditionalism, and the roots can be seen in Eminescu. Later, Blaga, Calinescu, Papu, Zamfirescu and the poets of the regime, have developed that line. On the other hand, Eugen Lovinescu, with the background of Creanga or Caragiale, has been the promoter of that one.

That line is connected with the avant-garde of the s.XX, and if Bacovia can be founded in Baudelaire, the surrealism will be founded in Urmuz or Tzara. In that context will grow the two branches of the Romanian literature of the last century: the jewish one (Max Blecher in Botosani, Mihail Sebastian and Ilarie Voronca in Braila and Benjamin Fundianu in …, with the spiritual protection of Paul Celan) and the French one (Mircea Eliade, Emile Cioran and Eugen Ionesco). From that background, have been developed the rest of the literature, not only the most well known, represented by Norman Manea and Mircea Cartarescu, but the two, in my opinion, most fascinate writers that got famous at the end of the XX century: Pericle Martinescu and his diaries along fourty years (1936-1984) and the romanian Sephardic Alexandru Vona and his Ferestrele zitite, a book in the shadow of history.

For me, that is Romanian literature. It is not much, but you have to consider that I came without knowing anything. So, keep on reading!